Man-Portable Air-Defence System (MANPADS)

Created by Admiral Rhea Kydalla on Wed Oct 26th, 2011 @ 4:32pm


These man-portable air-defence systems (MANPADS) are shoulder-launched infrared homing surface-to-air missiles that use single or multiple detectors to produce a quasi-image of the target and also have the ability to recognize and reject flares dispensed from aircraft and spacecraft.

They are light to carry and relatively easy to operate, shoulder-fired by a single operator, although officially it requires two. The missiles can attack aircraft at altitudes of up to 13,000 feet.

Before a missile is fired, the operator "interrogates" the target, pressing the IFF switch on his missile launcher. This immediately sends a signal to the target's transponder asking whether it is a friend or foe. If the target is identified as a foe, the operator turns off the safety and pushes the actuator button which warms up the external battery cooling unit and makes the weapon go "live".

Next, an infrared signal is triggered at the target to determine its range and acquire the heat emanating from its engines. After having heard a high-pitched tone, the operator presses the weapon's "uncaging" switch and holds it in. When the tone gets louder, the operator has got "tone", a lock on the target.

Categories: Colonial Weapons